Post Traumatic Stress Disorder – Psychology Today




Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is an anxiety disorder that may develop after exposure to a terrifying event or ordeal in which severe physical harm occurred or was threatened. Traumatic events that may trigger PTSD include violent personal assaults, natural or unnatural disasters, accidents, or military combat.

Anyone who has gone through a life-threatening event can develop PTSD including military troops who served in wars; rescue workers for catastrophes like the 2001 terrorist attacks on New York City and Washington, D.C.; survivors of the Oklahoma City bombing; survivors of accidents, rape, physical or sexual abuse, and other crimes; immigrants fleeing violence in their countries; survivors of earthquakes, floods, and hurricanes; and those who witness traumatic events. Family members of victims can develop the disorder as well.

PTSD affects about 7.7 million American adults, but it can occur at any age, including childhood. Women are more likely to develop the disorder than men, and there is some evidence that it may run in families. PTSD is frequently accompanied by depression, substance abuse, or anxiety disorders. When other conditions are appropriately diagnosed and treated, the likelihood of successful treatment increases.

Roughly 30 percent of Vietnam veterans developed PTSD. The disorder also has been detected in as many as 10% of Gulf War (Desert Storm) veterans, about 6% to 11% of veterans of the Afghanistan war, and about 12% to 20% of veterans of the Iraq war.

Other factors in a combat situation can add more stress to an already stressful situation and may contribute to PTSD and other mental health problems. These factors include what you do in the war, the politics around the war, where it’s fought, and the type of enemy you face. Another cause of PTSD in the military can be military sexual trauma (MST). This is any sexual harassment or sexual assault that occurs while you are in the military. MST can happen to men and women and can occur during peacetime, training, or war. Among veterans using VA health care, about 23 out of 100 women (23%) reported sexual assault when in the military, 55 out of 100 women (55%) and 38 out of 100 men (38%) have experienced sexual harassment when in the military.

PTSD is diagnosed when the stress symptoms following exposure have persisted for at least a month. When symptoms develop immediately after exposure, the condition may be called acute stress disorder.

Complex PTSD

Complex PTSD, also known as disorder of extreme stress, is found among individuals who have been exposed to prolonged traumatic circumstances, especially during childhood, such as childhood sexual abuse. Research shows that many brain and hormonal changes may occur as a result of early, prolonged trauma, and contribute to troubles with learning, memory, and regulating emotions. Combined with a disruptive, abusive home environment, these brain and hormonal changes may contribute to severe behavioral difficulties such as eating disorders, impulsivity, aggression, inappropriate sexual behavior, alcohol or drug abuse, and other self-destructive actions, as well as emotional regulation (such as intense rage, depression, or panic) and mental difficulties (such as scattered thoughts, dissociation, and amnesia). As adults, these individuals often are diagnosed with depressive disorders, personality disorders, or dissociative disorders. Treatment may progress at a much slower rate, and requires a sensitive and structured program delivered by a trauma specialist.” (PsychologyToday.com)

Originally posted 2016-10-17 06:32:28.

Mind, Videos

Trauma-Related Disorders – PTSD

Trauma-Related Disorders: Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder & Acute Stress Disorder – Video & Lesson Transcript | Study.com

History is full of bizarre reports. Ancient soldiers would go blind despite no physical injury. Shakespeare wrote of maladies afflicting warriors and kings, where their mind began to churn and broil without any injury. In the U.S. Civil War, many of the soldiers coming home had difficulties in the field or returning to their normal lives.

Originally posted 2016-10-17 06:28:20.

Fear, Mind

Fearless Living: Live Without Excuses and Love Without Regret – Rhonda Britten

Fearless Living: Live Without Excuses and Love Without Regret - Rhonda Britten
Fearless Living: Live Without Excuses and Love Without Regret – Rhonda Britten

I remember seeing this woman live in Manhattan.   Reading this book and seeing her live literally changed my life.  It allowed me to see fear in such a different light.   One of the key things I learned from this book was the feeling of not feeling “good enough”.   She taught me to not diminish my feelings and act like it wasn’t a big deal what happened to me as a child.   We work so hard sometimes to be tough and literally build a wall around us.   That wall serves a purpose.   To protect us.   The only problem is as you get older you realize the wall that helped to protect you actually hurts you and alienates you from the world.   You create a sort of prison that prevents you from getting out or letting anyone in.   This book is a must read.


For more than ten years, Fearless Living has been inspiring readers to take back their lives and “live the life their soul intended.”

As a survivor of personal trauma, Rhonda Britten understands the challenge of mastering fears-whether it’s a fear of rejection, looking stupid, not getting the job, or not being good enough.

With her acclaimed Fearless Living program, however, she has helped hundreds of thousands of people get unstuck, gain clarity of purpose, and take life-changing risks.

Featuring inspiring true stories and practical Fearbuster exercises, Fearless Living exposes the roots of our fears and gives us the tools to move beyond them. The result is a blueprint for success, happiness, and peace of mind.”


Fearless Living: Live Without Excuses and Love Without Regret

Originally posted 2016-06-04 15:42:46.

Inspirational/ Motivational, Mind

Unlimited Power – Anthony Robbins

Unlimited Power - Anthony Robbins
Unlimited Power – Anthony Robbins

Unlimited Power Featuring Tony Robbins Live! By Anthony (Tony) Robbins(A) [Audiobook]
“Yes, you can do, have, achieve, and create anything you want out of life. Anthony Robbins has proved it. Robbins, the undisputed master of the magic of mind power, shows you in this audio program how to harness yours. He demonstrates passionately and eloquently that whatever you think will be, that your state of mind determines what you can and can’t do, and that all successful results can be modeled and duplicated. His enthusiasm is contagious as he shows you how to:

  • Reprogram your mind in minutes to eliminate fears and phobias
  • Fuel your body with spectacular health and energy
  • Dramatically improve your interpersonal relationships
  • Become a persuasive communicator and create instant rapport with anyone you meet
  • Use the success of others to remodel yourself
  • Discover the five keys to wealth and happiness
  • Master the ultimate success formula

Robbins calls Unlimited Power the new science of personal achievement. You’ll call it the best thing that ever happened to you.” (audible.com)


Originally posted 2016-06-04 15:36:01.

Inspirational/ Motivational, Mind

Awaken the Giant Within – Anthony Robbins

Awaken the Giant Within - Anthony Robbins
Awaken the Giant Within – Anthony Robbins

By Anthony Robbins: Awaken The Giant Within [Audiobook]

I remember listening to an Anthony Robbins audiobook a few years ago and I was sitting at my desk at work.   I was working at a company for over 10 years and at this point I was probably there for maybe 7 years and I was not getting paid at all what I felt I was valued at.

I was highly motivated and always tried to do more but was not getting paid more for the more I brought to the table.    Not only was it frustrating but I felt helpless.

As I’m listening to my audiobook, Anthony Robbins says “JUST TAKE ACTION”  and do what you need to do to make the change happen.   I decided to unplug my earphones and go ask for a raise.    Now I usually would have prepared for this but I decided that I wanted to just do it.

I go to the boss’s office and say I want a raise and proceed to say that I am valued at this amount.   He immediately says I cannot give you a raise.   I was so determined because of Anthony Robbins that I said It is okay if you cannot give me a raise right now but I want you to know that I know that I am valued at this amount and I felt it was right to let you know.

A few months later or a year later I happen to get a raise.   Now I wasn’t where I wanted to be but I learned if you don’t ask you don’t get.   ASK!  Take action!


“I know that no matter where you are in your life, you want more! No matter how well you’re already doing or how challenged you now may be, deep inside you there lies a belief that your experience of life can and will be much greater than it already is. You are destined for your own unique form of greatness.”

Anthony Robbins has already unlocked the personal power inside millions of people worldwide. Now, in this revolutionary new audio production based on his enormously popular Date with Destiny seminars, Robbins unleashes the sleeping giant that lies within all of us, teaching us to harness our untapped abilities, talents and skills.

The ultimate program for improving the quality of every aspect of your life (personal or business, physical or emotional) Awaken the Giant Within gives you the tools you need to immediately become the master of your own fate.” (www.audible.com)

Originally posted 2016-06-04 15:31:04.


Escaping the Grip of Emotional Pain

Escaping the Grip of Emotional Pain

If trying to boost your mood leaves you unhappy – or you just keep sinking back into unhappiness – it’s not working. Don’t give up, but do consider an alternative approach. To feel happy, sometimes you first need to embrace being upset.

One of my observations is that sometimes when we experience pain from a traumatic experience or stay stuck in the past… we tend to avoid remembering, can’t remember or want to distract ourselves to not think about the experience or negative thoughts.   What happens is we suppress those thoughts and emotions because they are too painful to handle or at least we believe they are too painful to handle so we avoid them but distracting ourselves.

The biggest issue I find with avoiding, suppressing and distracting ourselves is that we are not happy.    How can we be happy if we are only living part of life and not allowing ourselves to live fully?

So far from my research on PTSD and Mindfulness I am realizing more and more that in order to heal we must be ready to deal with the uncomfortable feelings and emotions that we have been trying to avoid for so many years.   The only way to develop is to fight not flight.   To stop running and to start facing.

For many people this may sound easy but it is not.   It is one of the most challenging things to do for a person that experienced pain in the past.

Stay tuned because the more I research this topic, the more I will be posting my observations.

I am no professional expert but I definitely have a lot of passion around this subject and want to help people break free of their emotional prison.   People that have experienced pain or trauma deserve to live and unfortunately have stayed stuck on an event or numerous events in the past that have caused them pain…like a movie that keeps replaying itself.


Originally posted 2016-10-15 08:47:06.


Mental Strength

3 Exercises That Build Mental Strength In Just 5 Minutes A Day

Whether you’re tempted to give in to that craving for a cupcake, or you’re about to give up on your goals, perseverance isn’t easy. But before you blame your lack of God-given willpower and before you make an excuse for your less than stellar performance, consider this; it only takes a few minutes a day to build the mental muscle you need to reach your greatest potential.


Originally posted 2018-01-21 11:49:57.


What is the Dunning-Kruger Effect?

Dunning-Kruger effect – Wikipedia

In the field of psychology, the Dunning-Kruger effect is a cognitive bias wherein people of low ability suffer from illusory superiority, mistakenly assessing their cognitive ability as greater than it is. The cognitive bias of illusory superiority derives from the metacognitive inability of low-ability persons to recognize their own ineptitude.

Originally posted 2016-10-15 08:11:19.